Your topic: CJ361: Trends in International Policing
Your desired style of citation: APA
Your educational level: undergraduate
Word Count: 750
Paper Type: Essay
Number of page: 3
Running Head: TRENDS IN INTERNATIONAL POLICING
Trends in International Policing
Trends in International Policing
A crime that should be included in the Jus Cogens crime is slave trade. Jus Cogens is a set of authoritative principles or customs from which no derogation is permitted. These customs are known by the international community as a whole as being basic to the maintenance of an international legal order. Slave trade is also known as human trafficking in which individuals are exported from one place to another to be treated as slaves for people. The international laws and courts that could be used in the prosecution of slave trade are to ban those countries that are exporting human for slave trade purpose (Trebilcock & Howse, 2005).
Diplomatic immunity is a standard of global law because of which specific foreign government representatives will not be question to the field of regional courts and other authorities. With this protection, foreign officials will be able to do their jobs with this assurance that they will not be harmed even if they are not able to do their task perfectly. Diplomatic immunity is indeed necessary to protect diplomats so that while plying their trade, if they commit any illegal act, they are not harmed. The immunity is, actually, worth the trouble because it keeps the foreign officials safe from legal issues of a foreign land (Bujold, 2002).
Human trafficking is an offense which is in opposition to humanity. Act of employing, carrying, conveying, sheltering or getting a person owing to a use of power, bullying or other means, for the reason of using them. There are thousands of men, women and children who become prey to the hands of traffickers, in one's country and abroad. Human trafficking can be addressed by governmental policy such as sharing intelligence across boundaries, targeting traffickers before they reach US, and communicate the risks to potential victims. Once the government has taken such steps, they will be able to control most of human trafficking issue (Hart, 2009).
Western democracies that have instituted new set of rules to ensure a fair accounting of who is coming and going from their borders is technically right. Every country has the right to protect its borders from unknown dangers and if they are setting rules and regulations to protect themselves, it is justified. The protocols placed by governments to control their borders are sufficient and they are not strict either. Protecting the country from unknown dangers by setting certain rules and regulations is not a strict step. It means that the government is thinking about the safety of its citizens. Furthermore, every government should have an up-to-date database of people that are entering their country and leaving the country (Doty, 2003).
An international crisis that should be labeled as an act of genocide is the incidents taking place in Burma. The nation involved is Burma and the victims are the civilians. The Burmese government is the main driver of violence against its own civilians because of the counter-insurgency campaign against ethnic minority rebels. The government's plan is to hold power at all costs and to do this they are using means such as attacking and burning surrounding villages as well as mining the razed areas to discourage returns. The government has designed its control as ‘black zones' because of which soldiers can shoot any person on sight (Rogers, 2004).
The US Patriot Act is an anti-terrorism legislation in reply to the September 11, 2001 violence. The patriot gives the right of comprehensive hunt and surveillance to domestic law enforcement and foreign intellect organization and eliminated checks and balances that before gave judges the chance to guarantee that those powers were not mistreated. The Act helps American law enforcement in preventing acts of terrorism in a way that search and surveillance of each house/office will be done thoroughly and when citizens will corporate with government in doing their work, the terrorist activity will start to decrease. No standards of liberty that Americans expect are being violated. The citizens want a secure and safe America, and then allowing the American law enforcement to do their work will give them a safe and secure America (Scheppler, 2005).
I did not have any prior knowledge regarding the topic before I started learning this course. The new ideas that I have encountered are different policies that are applied at different levels when the involvement of government is there, of any country. I have met all the outcomes on this course. There is no such outcome, according to me, that requires further support or assistance. I have learned from my fellow students that international policies are important for the country as well as the citizens. My profession is the field of Bureaucrats; therefore the knowledge of international policies gained from this course will help me in understanding different matters on an international level. The strength and opportunities of growth in this area is that I can further explore each policy. The concerns I have regarding what I have studied is about Jus Cogens covering those areas which are not under its scope. The area of subject I would like to explore is human trafficking and the reason being that why is it increasing at such a rapid speed.
Benedict Rogers, (2004), A Land Without Evil: Stopping The Genocide Of Burma's Karen People, Publisher Monarch Books, 141-147
Bill Scheppler, (2005), The USA Patriot Act: Antiterror Legislation in Response To 9/11, Publisher The Rosen Publishing Group, 21-27
Joyce Hart, (2009), Human Trafficking In the News, Publisher The Rosen Publishing Group, 45-50
Lois McMaster Bujold, (2002), Diplomatic Immunity, Volume 14, Publisher Baen Books, 145-152
M. J. Trebilcock & Robert Howse, (2005), The Regulation of International Trade, Edition 3, Publisher Routledge, 225-229
Roxanne Lynn Doty, (2003), Anti-Immigrantism in Western Democracies: Statecraft, Desire and the Politics of Exclusion, Volume 9, Publisher Routledge, 77-83